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Spanish Culture and Civilization : Spanish Language

Online Learning Resources

Shopping Phrases in Spanish

Money Vocabulary in Spanish

  • El dinero - Money
  • La moneda - Coin (this can also mean currency)
  • El billete - Bill
  • El cambio - Change
  • La tarjeta de crédito - Credit card
  • La tarjeta de débito - Debit card
  • El cheque - Check
  • El efectivo - Cash
  • Los dólares - Dollars
  • Los euros - Euros
  • Los pesos - Pesos
  • El precio - Price
  • El descuento - Discount
  • La oferta - Sale
  • (Muy) Caro - (Very) Expensive
  • (Muy) Barato - (Very) Cheap

Phrases to Discuss Cost in Spanish

  • Disculpe... - Excuse me...
    • ¿Cuánto cuesta/vale? - How much does it cost?
    • ¿Me puede hacer un descuento si compro dos? - Can I get a discount if I buy two?
    • ¿Cuál es el precio más bajo que me puede dar? - What is the lowest you can go?
    • ¿Tiene descuento con alguna tarjeta? - Do you offer a discount with any cards?
    • ¿Aceptan tarjetas de crédito? - Do you take credit cards?
    • ¿Cómo va a pagar? - How would you like to pay?
    • ¿Paga en efectivo? - Will that be cash?
    • Ingrese su PIN, por favor. - Please enter your PIN.
    • Firme aquí, por favor. - Please sign here.

Finding a Shop

  • ¿Dónde hay...? - Where is there a...?
    • Un centro comercial/Un shopping - Mall
    • Un supermercado - Supermarket
    • Una tienda - Store
    • Una feria - Street market
    • Una panadería - Bakery
    • Una carnicería - Butcher
    • Una farmacia - Pharmacy
    • Una boutique - Boutique
    • Una ferretería - Hardware store
    • Una librería - Book shop
    • Una papelería - Office supply store
    • Una juguetería - Toy store
    • Una zapatería - Shoe store

Finding Products

  • ¿Dónde puedo comprar...? - Where can I buy...?
    • La comida - Food
    • El agua mineral - Mineral water
    • Los medicamentos - Medicine
    • El protector solar - Sunscreen
    • El maquillaje - Make up
    • La ropa - Clothes
    • La camisa - Shirt
    • El traje de baño - Swimsuit
    • El sombrero - Hat
    • Los zapatos - Shoes
    • Los juguetes - Toys
    • Los souvenirs - Souvenirs
    • Las artesanías - Crafts
    • Las postales - Postcards
    • La lapicera - Pen
    • El lápiz - Pencil
    • El papel - Paper
    • Los sellos - Postage stamps

Asking for what you want

Sometimes, finding the right store might not be enough. You may need to ask around before you get the exact product you want. The following phrases should help you do just that:

  • Me gustaría comprar... - I would like to buy...
  • ¿Tiene...? - Do you have...?
  • ¿Lo puedo ver? - Can I see it?
  • ¿Lo tiene en otro talle/color? - Do you have this in another size/color?
  • ¿Lo tiene en...? - Do you have this in...?
    • Pequeño - Small
    • Mediano - Medium
    • Grande - Large
    • Extragrande - Extra large
    • Rojo - Red
    • Azul - Blue
    • Amarillo - Yellow
    • Blanco - White
    • Negro - Black
  • ¿Tiene otro modelo? - Do you have a different model?
  • No nos queda. - We ran out.
  • Me gusta. - I like it.
  • No me gusta. - I don't like it.
  • ¿Me lo puedo probar? - Can I try it on?
  • Me queda grande. - It's too big on me.
  • Me queda chico. - It's too small on me.
  • ¿Tiene un talle más grande/chico? - Do you have a bigger/smaller size?
  • ¿Tiene otra marca? - Do you have a different brand?
  • ¿Tiene uno más barato? - Do you have a cheaper one?

Source: Shopping phrases in Spanish. (n.d.). In YourDictionary. https://spanish.yourdictionary.com/Spanish-language/learning-spanish/spanish/shopping-phrases-in-spanish.html

 

Anatomy/Health Terms

Parts Of The Body In Spanish

Let's start by going over some terms for body parts. Remember that Spanish words can be either feminine (as indicated by the definite article "la") or masculine (as indicated by the definite article "el").

  • La cabeza - Head
  • La cara - Face
  • El ojo - Eye
  • La nariz - Nose
  • La oreja - Ear
  • El oído - Inner ear
  • La boca - Mouth
  • El diente - Tooth
  • La muela - Back tooth
  • La lengua - Tongue
  • La garganta - Throat
  • El cuello - Neck
  • El hombro - Shoulder
  • El brazo - Arm
  • El pecho - Chest
  • El codo - Elbow
  • La mano - Hand
  • El dedo - Finger/Toe
  • La uña - Nail
  • La espalda - Back
  • La lumbar - Lower back
  • La cadera - Hip
  • La pierna - Leg
  • La rodilla - Knee
  • El tobillo - Ankle
  • El pie - foot
  • La piel - Skin

What is inside also matters, so let's look at a few more words:

  • El hueso - Bone
  • El músculo - Muscle
  • La sangre - Blood
  • El pulmón - Lung
  • El corazón - Heart
  • El estómago - Stomach
  • El hígado - Liver
  • El apéndice - Appendix
  • El intestino - Intestine
  • La vejiga - Bladder
  • La vesícula - Gallbladder
  • El riñón - Kidney

Common Symptoms And Illnesses In Spanish

The next thing you will need to know is how to describe what you are feeling in Spanish. To do that, you might want to use one of the following adjectives.

Adjectives

Most Spanish adjectives change their last letter depending on the gender of the noun you pair them with. When two options are given, use the "-o" ending for masculine nouns and the "-a" ending for feminine ones.

  • Inflamado/a - Swollen
  • Sensible - Sensitive
  • Dolorido/a - In pain or sore
  • Irritado/a - Irritated
  • Urgente - Urgent

Symptoms

Here are some other common symptoms you might need to explain:

  • La quemadura - Burn
  • La fiebre - Fever
  • La nariz tapada - Stuffy nose
  • Dificultad para respirar - Shortness of breath
  • La tos - Cough
  • La presión alta - High blood pressure
  • La presión baja - Low blood pressure
  • El mareo - Dizziness
  • El vómito - Vomit
  • El dolor - Pain
  • La acidez - Heartburn
  • La migraña - Migraine
  • El calambre - Cramp
  • Las convulsiones - Seizure

Illnesses

Finally, here are some common illnesses and conditions in Spanish and their English equivalents:

  • La diabetes - Diabetes
  • La alergia - Allergy
  • La gripe - Flu
  • El resfrío - Cold
  • La artritis - Arthritis
  • La insolación - Sunstroke
  • La picadura de abeja/avispa - Bee/Wasp sting
  • La fractura - Fracture
  • La herida - Injury

Words You Might Hear At The Doctor's

If you find yourself having to visit a doctor's office or even the emergency room, you are going to want to understand what people around you are saying. The following words should help you with that.

People

  • El doctor/La doctora/El médico/La médica - The doctor
  • El enfermero/La enfermera - The nurse
  • El/La dentista - The dentist
  • El cirujano/La cirujana - The surgeon
  • El paramédico/La paramédica - The paramedic
  • El oculista/La oculista - The eye doctor
  • El otorrinolaringólogo/La otorrinolaringóloga - The ear, nose and throat doctor

Places

  • La sala de emergencias - The emergency room
  • El hospital - The hospital
  • La farmacia - The pharmacy
  • El quirófano - The operating room
  • La ambulancia - The ambulance

Treatments

  • La inyección - Injection
  • La cirujía - Surgery
  • El medicamento - Medicine
  • El antibiótico - Antibiotic
  • El antialérgico - Anti-allergy medicine
  • El analgésico - Painkiller
  • La crema - Cream
  • La pastilla - Pill
  • Las gotas - Drops
  • Los primeros auxilios - First aid
  • Los puntos - Stitches
  • La venda - Bandage
  • La receta - Prescription
  • El diagnóstico - Diagnosis
  • El tratamiento - Treatment

Useful Phrases

Now that you've got the vocabulary down, let's finish by going over some common phrases you might hear or need to say when discussing health issues or in an emergency situation.

  • Estoy enfermo/a - I am sick
  • No me siento bien - I don't feel well
  • Tuve un accidente - I had an accident
  • Necesito ayuda - I need help
  • ¿Dónde está el hospital? - Where is the hospital
  • Necesito ver un médico - I need to see a doctor
  • ¡Llame a una ambulancia! - Call an ambulance!
  • Me duele... (el estómago/la garganta/etc.) - My (stomach/throat/etc.) hurts
  • Me golpeé... (la cabeza/la espalda/etc.) - I hit my... (head/back/etc.)
  • Tengo fiebre - I have a fever
  • Cuarenta y ocho horas de reposo - Forty eight hours of rest
  • Tome mucho líquido - Drink lots of liquid
  • Tome el antibiótico cada ocho horas - Take the antibiotics every eight hours
  • ¿Tiene seguro médico? - Do you have health insurance?

Source: Spanish Health Vocabulary Terms. (n.d.). Your Dictionary. https://spanish.yourdictionary.com/spanish-language/learning-spanish/health-vocabulary-words-for-spanish-class.html

 

More Spanish Vocabulary

Furniture

Furniture By Rooms

A great way to learn furniture vocabulary in Spanish is by associating each word with the room where you would have each piece of furniture. For this reason, the following words are listed in relation with a specific room in the house.

The Bedroom

This word in Spanish is la habitación (pronounced: lah ah-bee-tah-see-on) or, also, el dormitorio (pronounced: el dor-mee-toh-ree-oh). Let's learn the furniture words for la habitacion:

  • la cama (the bed, pronounced: lah kah-mah)
  • la mesa de noche (the night table, pronounced: lah meh-sah deh noh-cheh)
  • el armario (the wardrobe, pronounced: el ar-mah-ree-oh).
  • el clóset (the closet, pronounced the same as the English word)
  • la cómoda (the drawers chest, pronounced: lah koh-moh-dah)

The Living Room

This word in Spanish is la sala (pronounced: lah sah-lah). Let's learn the furniture for la sala:

  • la mesa de centro (the coffee table, pronounced: lah meh-sah deh cehn-troh)
  • el sillón (the armchair, pronounced: el see-yohn)
  • el sofá (el soh-fah)

The Dining Room

This word in Spanish is el comedor (pronounced: el koh-meh-dor). Let's learn the furniture words for el comedor:

  • la mesa (the table, pronounced: lah meh-sah)
  • la silla (the chair, pronounced: lah see-yah)

The Study

This word in Spanish is el estudio (pronounced: el es-too-dee-oh). Let's learn the furniture for el estudio:

  • el escritorio (the desk, pronounced: el es-kree-toh-ree-oh)
  • el estante de libros (the bookcase, pronounced: el es-tahn-teh deh lee-bros)

Spanish Dictionaries

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