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APA 7th Edition - Citations and Formatting

Paper Format


Use any sans serif or serif font accessible to all users. Options include: 

  • 11-point Calibri
  • 11-point Arial
  • 12-point Times New Roman
  • 11-point Georgia

Use the same font throughout your paper.

  • Within a figure image, use a sans serif font (e.g., Arial or Calibri) with a type size between 8 and 14 points.
  • When presenting a footnote in a page footer, use the default footnote settings (e.g., 10-point font with single line spacing)

Line Spacing

  • Double-space all text.
  • Do not add extra lines before or after headings or between paragraphs.
  • On the title page, place the paper title three or four double-spaced lines down from the top of the page and add an extra line between the paper title and author names.
  • Table bodies and figure images may be single-spaced, one-and-a-half-spaced, or double-spaced.
  • Footnotes at the bottom of the page on which they are called out should be single-spaced.


  • Use 1-in. (2.54-cm) margins on all sides.
  • The page header is placed within the 1-in. margin.

Paragraph Alignment & Indentation 

  • Indent the first line of every paragraph 0.5 in (use Tab function)
  • Leave the remaining lines of the paragraph left-aligned


  • Left-align and do not indent the first line of the abstract; Level 2 and 3 headings; and table and figure numbers, titles, and notes.
  • Apply a hanging indent of 0.5 in. to reference list entries using the paragraph-formatting feature of your word-processing program.
  • Indent block quotations 0.5 in. from the left margin. For longer block quotations, indent subsequent paragraphs an additional 0.5 in.